May 22nd, 2018

Introducing NCHH’s State Healthy Housing Fact Sheets: EPA Region 5

by Sarah Goodwin

We’re halfway through this 10-part blog series. You may also be interested in reading about EPA Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, and Region 4.

Throughout 2018, we’re posting highlights of our state fact sheets by EPA region, one region per month. In May, we’re looking at EPA Region 5, which includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Highlights from these states include:

  • The percentage of houses built before 1978 in this region ranges from 57% (Minnesota) to 68% (Wisconsin). In Illinois, 59% of these houses have a prevalence of lead-based paint.
  • Radon is a large problem in all six states:
    • Two out of five (40%) Minnesota homes have elevated levels of radon. This percentage is 41% in Illinois, 32% in Indiana, and 25% in Wisconsin.
    • High levels of radon have been found in homes in all Ohio counties and nine counties in southern Michigan.
    • Up to 1,160 people in Illinois develop radon-related lung cancer each year.
    • 40% of Ohio schools have high levels of radon.
  • In 2014, there were over 12,000 hospitalizations due to asthma in Wisconsin and Illinois combined.
  • Adults and children with asthma in Michigan report an average of between 3.8 and 4 asthma triggers at home.
  • An average of 67 Illinois residents die from carbon monoxide each year. This is the second highest number of any state in the 2011-2015 period; Ohio is not far behind with an average of 58 deaths annually.
  • In Ohio, falls among older adults in a single year (2014) were projected to be responsible for $1.9 billion in lifetime costs. A similar  estimate for Michigan in 2009 projected $321 million in lifetime costs; however, the percentage of the population above age 65 in Michigan is expected to rise to 20% by 2030.
  • In 2015, 23,944 children from Illinois, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin tested with elevated blood lead levels at or above 5 µg/dL. In Michigan, this number was 5,521 in FY 2016.

Other NCHH Resources

NCHH’s state fact sheets will be updated annually with current information. For questions or comments, please email Laura Fudala at


Sarah Goodwin, Policy Analyst, NCHHSarah Goodwin joined NCHH as a Policy Analyst in June 2017. She previously served NCHH as a policy intern, helping to establish and run the Find It, Fix It, Fund It lead action drive and its workgroups. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Interdisciplinary Studies: Communications, Legal Institutions, Economics, and Government from American University.

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