States Authorized by EPA to Manage the RRP Rule
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) authorizes states, tribes, and territories (hereinafter referred to as “state”) to administer and enforce its Renovation, Repair, and Painting (RRP) Rule. The state program must be at least as protective as the EPA RRP program and provide for adequate enforcement.
Most states allow for reciprocity for people who have already been certified by an EPA-accredited training provider and for firms who have already become EPA-certified renovation firms; however, states are allowed to make their own decisions.
Generally, training providers must pursue approval from each state in order to provide training for state certification after the state’s rules go into effect. They should be aware that some states have gone beyond the EPA version of the RRP Rule and requiring individual renovators to be certified by the state.
EPA has delegated authority to implement the RRP Rule to the following states (in order of adoption): Wisconsin, Iowa, North Carolina, Utah, Mississippi, Kansas, Rhode Island, Oregon, Massachusetts, Alabama, Washington, Georgia, Oklahoma, and Delaware.
The following states have existing rules regarding renovation training but have not adopted the EPA RRP Rule: Illinois, New Jersey, and Ohio.
Find guidelines on how to register as a lead-safe certified firm with EPA or an authorized state here.
|STATE OR TERRITORY||AUTHORIZATION DATE||KEY LINKS||HIGHLIGHTS|
|Alabama||November 16, 2010||Official page||To learn more about Alabama’s program, including how to apply for certification or find trainings, contact the Alabama Lead Program at 334.206.5373 or 205.348.4667, or visit the state website at www.alabamasafestate.ua.edu
or www.adph.org/lead. See Alabama Code §§ 22-37A-1 to 22-37A-9.
|Alaska||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Alaska’s Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance Program identifies and controls sources of lead exposure and assists citizens with elevated levels of lead in their blood.|
|American Samoa||n/a||No page identified||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Arizona||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Healthcare providers and laboratories are required to report blood lead levels to the ADHS.|
|Arkansas||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Arkansas Lead-Based Paint-Hazard Regulation sets certification, licensing, and training requirements for performing lead-based paint abatement activities and training.|
|California||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The California Childhood Lead Prevention Program offers home visitation, environmental home inspections, and nutritional assessments to families of children who have been severely lead poisoned.|
|Colorado||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Colorado Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (CCLPPP) is a CDC-funded program with overarching program strategies in partnership building, surveillance, case investigation and management, prevention, and evaluation.|
|Connecticut||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Connecticut state code reads, “The commissioner shall establish a lead poisoning prevention program to provide screening, diagnosis, consultation, inspection and treatment services, including, but not limited to, the prevention and elimination of lead poisoning through research, abatement, education and epidemiological and clinical activities.”|
|Delaware||March 14, 2010||Official page||Certification: Individuals and firms performing lead-based paint activities in the State of Delaware must be certified by the Division of Public Health (DPH). After completing an approved training course and passing any required exams, an individual must submit an Application for Certification to DPH. A certification fee is required and the certification is valid for two years. [Effective January 11, 2014]|
|District of Columbia||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RPP Rule. Most renovation activities may only be conducted by abatement workers and supervisors; however, some interim control renovation activities may be performed by either abatement workers/ supervisors or EPA-certified renovators.|
|Florida||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Florida’s Lead Poisoning Prevention Program conducts surveillance of blood lead testing and poisonings, promotes blood lead screening for high-risk populations, and provides guidance to healthcare providers, individuals, and businesses to prevent lead poisoning.|
|Georgia||July 5, 2011||Official page||Georgia’s RRP rule applies to any renovations in which the following criteria are met: when completed for compensation; in residential houses, apartments, and child-occupied facilities such as schools and daycare centers built prior to 1978; when disturbing more than six square feet of lead-painted or -coated surfaces per interior room or when disturbing more than 20 square feet of lead-painted or -coated surfaces on exteriors; when replacing windows of any size; or partial demolitions of structures, walls, or components that are not entire structure demolitions.|
|Guam||n/a||No page identified||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Hawaii||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Hawaii’s Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention program works to reduce lead exposure and lead poisoning through strengthening blood lead level testing, surveillance, population-based interventions, and processes to identify lead-exposed children and linkage to services.|
|Idaho||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) has mandated that children eligible for Medicaid be tested for elevated blood lead levels (BLL) at 12 and 24 months or between 24 months and 21 years of age if they have not been tested previously.|
|Illinois||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. “Homes with hazardous lead-based paint conditions are required to have the paint or the component that is coated with lead-based paint removed, permanently covered, or mitigated. The Program also licenses lead paint inspectors, lead risk assessors, lead abatement contractors, lead supervisors, and lead workers and approves lead training courses for individuals.”|
|Indiana||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Indiana’s Lead and Healthy Homes Division screens for lead-poisoned children, treats children who are have been exposed, performs follow-up case management, and remediates the environmental causes of the disease.|
|Iowa||January 19, 2010||Official page||EPA officially authorized Iowa as of January 19, 2010. Iowa offers reciprocity so that renovators trained in other states may be certified in Iowa. See application for renovators certified outside of Iowa.|
|Kansas||April 19, 2010||Official page||Adopted April 8, 2010; effective April 9, 2010. EPA announced April 19, 2010. Firms must be licensed by KDHE. To become licensed, renovation contractors must submit an application and fee payment to KDHE. Licensed firms are able to advertise that they are a KDHE-licensed company under the RRP program and receive authorization to use KDHE’s Licensed Renovator Firm logo.|
|Kentucky||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Kentucky follows EPA’s Childhood Poisoning Prevention Program as well as EPA’s rule.|
|Louisiana||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Louisiana Healthy Homes and Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program is run by the Louisiana Department of Health, Office of Public Health, Bureau of Family Health. Their program’s goals are to eliminate childhood lead poisoning in Louisiana, ensure that all healthcare providers test children under the age of six for lead in their blood, reduce or eliminate lead in the home by testing homes and properties for lead hazards, and coordinate care for children affected by exposure to lead.|
|Maine||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. As of June 27, 2019, Maine law requires blood lead tests for all children at one and two years of age.|
|Maryland||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. Maryland’s Lead Poisoning Prevention Program provides oversight for community education to parents, homeowners, rental property owners and tenants, healthcare providers, and those involved with lead paint abatement services to enhance their role in preventing lead poisoning.|
|Massachusetts||July 9, 2010||Official page||Under Massachusetts regulations, licensed lead-safe renovation contractors must have a trained and certified lead-safe renovation supervisor on staff, and a lead-safe renovation supervisor is required to be on site at all times while renovation work is in progress.|
|Michigan||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services considers a blood lead level of 4.5 micrograms per deciliter or higher to be “elevated” and the level at which actions should be taken to reduce lead in the child’s environment.|
|Minnesota||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. The Minnesota Department of Health Lead and Healthy Homes Program provides education, support to individuals exposed to lead, and assistance in addressing lead issues to contractors and property owners.|
|Mississippi||Official page||Differences between EPA and Mississippi legislation can be found here.|
|Missouri||n/a||Official page||No plans to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Montana||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. Missouri follows regular EPA standards.|
|Nebraska||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt own their own RRP rule. Workers and firms conducting lead-based paint activities in the state are required to be licensed in Nebraska.|
|Nevada||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|New Hampshire||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. The Lead Paint Prevention and Control Act of 1993 provides the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services with the authority to inspect rental dwelling units and licensed child care facilities for lead hazards when a child less than six years old has a venous blood lead level of 7.5 micrograms per deciliter.|
|New Jersey||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. New Jersey’s testing law requires that all children to be tested at both 12 and 24 months. Their law also requires testing for children 25 to 72 months (less than six years) old not tested previously and any child up to 72 months of age who has been exposed to a known or suspected source of lead.|
|New Mexico||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. The New Mexico Lead Poisoning Prevention Program collects blood lead level data and provides case management services to children and adults with elevated blood lead levels. To prevent lead exposure and decrease lead levels in exposed children, the program provides education, home visits, lead risk assessments, consultation with healthcare providers.|
|New York||n/a||Official page
|No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. New York State requires that healthcare providers test all one- and two-year-old children for lead. Children should also be assessed for lead exposure by their doctor annually until age six. Doctors should assess pregnant women for lead exposure during their initial prenatal visit. Workers at risk for lead exposure occupationally should be monitored by their employer. Workers are encouraged to learn whether their employer has a blood lead monitoring program.|
|North Carolina||January 1, 2010||Official page||A temporary rule went into effect January 1, 2010, and required immediate compliance. Individual renovators and training providers must be certified by the state. Dust sampling technicians, firms, and individuals performing renovation, repair, and painting projects for compensation that disturb lead-based paint in pre-1978 housing and child-occupied facilities must be certified and must follow specific work practices to prevent lead
|North Dakota||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. The North Dakota Lead-Based Paint Program ensures that lead-based painted material in pre-1978 target housing and child-occupied facilities are managed in a manner that minimizes exposure.|
|Ohio||n/a||Official page||No plans to adopt their own RRP rule. The Ohio Healthy Homes and Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (OHHLPPP) addresses the
needs of lead-poisoned children from birth through six years and assists family members, medical care providers, and other community members to reduce and prevent lead poisoning. OHHLPPP recognizes that children under the age of three years are at greatest risk for lead poisoning. FAQ.
|Oklahoma||March 2013||Official page||Oklahoma’s RRP rule went into effect in March 2013. The Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is responsible for implementing the state’s RRP rule. Individuals offering to perform renovation work that have not been previously certified and all companies offering to perform renovation work must become certified through and register with DEQ.|
|Oregon||May 3, 2010||Official page
Oregon RRP rule
|Oregon passed their RRP statute in spring 2009. On May 3, 2010, EPA authorized the Oregon Construction Contractors Board (CCB) and the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) to administer and enforce the rule. See Oregon Rev. Stat. §§ 431.920. Agencies and firms that do not require a CCB license must be certified by the OHA. Oregon’s rule also states that firms must use certified renovators trained by OHA-accredited training providers to follow lead-safe work practices.|
|Pennsylvania||n/a||Official page||Any contractor performing renovation work in pre-1978 Pennsylvania housing must be a certified renovator. The
purpose of lead-safe renovation is to assure that new lead hazards are not created during the work.
|Puerto Rico||n/a||No page identified||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Rhode Island||April 20, 2010||Official page||EPA announced Rhode Island’s adoption of RRP on April 20, 2010. Rhode Island’s RRP rule applies to contractors, landlords, property managers, homeowners, and anyone else who disturbs painted surfaces on pre-1978 homes or child care facilities, including general contractors and special trade contractors, such as painters, plumbers,
carpenters, and electricians.
|South Carolina||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule; follows the EPA RRP Rule.|
|South Dakota||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule. The South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has rules in place to ensure that these materials are disposed of properly.|
|Tennessee||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rules. Tennessee’s RRP program will apply to paid renovation activities in pre-1978 housing and child-occupied facilities where more than six square feet of lead-based paint on the interior or more than 20 square feet on the exterior are disturbed. Firms must be certified for RRP by the state, and each must have a state-certified renovator who has completed an eight-hour state accredited lead-safe work practices course. After completing regulated RRP activities, units must be properly cleaned to remove lead hazards and pass clearance testing and/or screening.|
|Texas||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Utah||April 20, 2010||Official page||Utah received administrative rule approval on April 7, 2010; the rule was effective the next day. EPA announced April 20, 2010. All RRP renovator training providers teaching in Utah must be approved by the Utah’s lead-based paint program on or after the effective date of the Utah Lead-Based Paint Administrative Rules. See Utah Code Ann. § 19-2-104.|
|Vermont||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. Vermont law requires that all children be tested at ages one and two. Vermont has their own lead law with additional guidelines about lead levels.|
|Virgin Islands (U.S.)||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Virginia||Official page||The Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program under Virginia Department of Health’s Division of Surveillance and Investigation provides surveillance and analysis of reported blood lead levels in children younger than 16 years of age; education and outreach to parents, communities, and health professionals about childhood lead poisoning and prevention; and oversight to providers and local health department staff on screening, testing, and case
management for children exposed to lead.
|Washington||March 16, 2011||Official page||To become certified in Washington as an individual, renovators must first attend an eight-hour EPA-accredited training course. There are training courses which are not accredited, and these will not be sufficient for workers to become lead certified in Washington. After the training course, you must pass an examination and then apply to obtain your certificate through the EPA website.|
|West Virginia||n/a||Official page||No plan to adopt their own RRP rule; follows EPA’s RRP Rule.|
|Wisconsin||October 20, 2009||Official page||Wisconsin’s permanent rule was published April 1, 2010, replacing the previous emergency rule. The entire rule became effective April 22, 2010. Wisconsin requires training providers to be state accredited but will accept training certificates from EPA- or state-approved courses from outside states. Individual renovators and companies must be certified by the state. There is no owner-occupant opt-out provision in rule.|
|Wyoming||n/a||No page identified||No plans to adopt EPA’s RRP Rule. No history or highlights to report.|
Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention: State and Local Programs [url; CDC]