Laws, Rules, and Codes for Healthier Homes
Note that this an archived page. The information has not been updated recently.
We’ve compiled a table of approaches impacting existing homes.
Table: Comparison of Regulatory Approaches to Healthy Homes
|Housing/Property Maintenance Code||Healthy/
|Landlord/Tenant Law||Product Standards||Hazard Management Law|
|National Requirements||Yes, for federally assisted housing.
No: for other housing.
|No.||Lead disclosure and fair housing.||Yes, for specific products and general standards.||Yes, for specific hazards such as pesticides, lead, and asbestos.|
|State Requirements||Several states.||Several states.||Most states.||Yes, for pesticides.
All must be consistent with federal requirements.
|Yes (generally), for specific hazards in addition to federal such as carbon monoxide and radon.|
|Local Requirements||Common, except in rural areas.||Common, but limited scope.||Common in large urban areas.||Uncommon.||Larger community for specific hazards in addition to federal and state.|
|Current National Models||Yes, International Property Maintenance Code (IPMC).||No.||Yes, Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (URLTA).||Industry Consensus Standards||Federal government and some associations issue guidelines to address specific hazards.|
|For More Information||Housing Quality Standards.
|American Public Health Association’s 1938 Principles||URLTA.||Product Standards.||Hazard Management Standards; EPA’s RRP Rule.|